greek chapter 20

The end of the textbook! Really, just a collection of miscellany. In brief, we learned:

  • Conditional sentences: this is the kind of “if A then B” sentence. The “if A” part is called a protasis, and the “then B” part is called the apodosis. It’s also possible to make an “indefinite conditional”, where you’re not sure if the protasis has happened or not, and a “contrary to fact” conditional, where the speaker doesn’t believe the protasis is true.
  • the genitive absolute; where part of a sentence (usually the start) is in the genitive case, making for a part-sentence that’s just been grafted in.
  • periphrastics – where the verb to be is combined with a participle: eg. I was going; I was is in the imperfect tense, but going is in the present tense… overall, though, the periphrastic phrase is in the imperfect tense. There are six different types we need to know
  • how to form adverbs and adjectives – comparatives superlatives.
  • the optative mood – an even more uncertain mood than the subjunctive; only really appears in the NT for the expression “may it not be!”

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